Fountains

There are over 1000 fountains in Rome. One of the most famous is the Trevi Fountain pictured below in the first three pictures. The legend is that if you toss a coin over your shoulder into this fountain you will return to Rome.

4. This fountain is one of four at an intersection called “the four fountains.” Each one depicts a different scene from Greek mythology.

5. This fountain shows the legend of Romulus and Remus being nursed by a she wolf.

Roman forum, 2

The Roman forum also held this temple to Romulus, and it’s original 6th century BC hydraulic door which is still functional.

Also shown below is the largest basilica in the world, which at one point housed the Roman equivalent of the Supreme Court. (St. Peters basilica was patterned after this.)

Finally the arch of Titus was where we exited the forum. It was erected after the sack of Jerusalem and destruction of the temple, and depicts these events.

Roman forum, 1

Visiting the Roman forum was an incredible trip back in time. Shown here is the…

1. …temple dedicated to the emperor and his wife.
2. …stone from which The speech was delivered on the occasion of Julius Caesar’s death; he said, “I am here to honor him.” 3. …remains of Julius Caesar’s temple, the foundation only. 4. …Wall Street of Ancient Rome.
5. …remains of the temple to the Vestal Virgins, with the emperor’s palace in the background.

Inside the colosseum

Shown below are the complex systems of weights and balances that were used to raise up animals onto the colosseum floor.

The third photo is a painting of the city of Jerusalem and of Solomon’s temple on a colosseum archway.

Visiting the Colosseum

The colosseum was actually built over Nero’s famous golden house and takes its name from the Colossus statue he erected of himself, as tall as the colosseum, shown in the first photo below.

The statistics for the colosseum are amazing to consider:

Pictured in the fourth and fifth photos is the under structure of the colosseum showing how animals were brought up from beneath. This the floor of the colosseum was composed of boards supported by cement pillars covered with sand to absorb the blood.

The morning events of the colosseum centered around hunting animals. Then at lunch criminals were brought into the arena for punishment.

Mamertinum, or St. Peter’s Prison

On our way to St. Peter’s prison we walked along this ancient road, from the 4th century BC.

The prison is called the Mamertinum. Shown below are:

1. A mural of St. Peter
2. St. Peter’s cell
3. The ancient foundations of this building going back to earlier than 900 BC.

Around Capitoline Square

1. On the square is the famous “Moussilini Balcony” from which the dictator declared war on England in 1914.

2. In the second picture, the green balcony is famous.

3. My friend Tom and I are at a cafe on the square.

4-5. Since it was a Roman holiday there was a huge parade showcasing some of the different cultures which make up the history of Rome.

Michaelangelo rearranged Capitoline square

Asked to design or rearrange capitoline square, Michelangelo re-architected this famous area for culture and government in the shape of a square/trapezoid.

Among the buildings here include the national archives of Rome (dating back 2000 years) and a national museum, Capitoline Museum, the oldest in the world.

1. Famous steps for weddings,built in 1348 as thanks to the BVM for removing the pestilence from the city.
2. A close up of the “Capitol building” sometimes called a “typewriter” for its boxy shape.
3. Statues at the top of the square steps. (These steps were specially designed for horse carriages to mount.)
4. It was Romes 2,766 birthday on this Sunday so there was a special performance by Italy’s special forces. (Our guide kept calling it the “Christmas of Rome”)
5. It was an exclusive area. This apartment belongs to Sophia Lauren.

House of St. Paul’s imprisonment

St. Paul was under “house arrest” when in Rome. This is the location where (or near where) he was imprisoned. He would have been chained to his guard but otherwise relatively free in his movements and associations. The Bible describes the Gospel he preached at this time in his ministry as going forth unhindered.

1. A street behind the piaza Sao Paulo Regulo. (Regulo means “sand” because this is near the Tiber river.) 2. The rear / “front entrance” of the church.
3. A street sign
4. A lovely door in the piaza
5. A closer picture of the church.

More of the interior of St. Gios

There is an imitation of the Pietas in St. Gios showing the BVM standing and also a 14th century mosaic.
The third picture shows the priests and choir performing Sundays mass (we visited on a Sunday).

The fourth picture shows a chapel which is common in these large cathedrals. This one was sponsored by a dominant family of Italy, I think the one after which the cathedral itself is named.

The final picture is of the floor. Part of the floor was commissioned by the 15th century pope who ended the great schism. It reminds me of q-Bert. Or Escher.